Transcriptome analysis of differentially expressed genes in the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila

Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2021 Sep 24;S1050-4648(21)00294-1. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2021.09.028. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

As an important economic species in China, aquaculture of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii has suffered huge losses due to infection by pathogenic bacteria, mainly by Aeromonas hydrophila, which leads to high mortality and huge economic loss. To better understand the immune response of crayfish against bacterial infection, we compared and analyzed transcriptome data of hepatopancreatic tissue from P. clarkii that were either challenged with A. hydrophila or treated with PBS. After assembly and annotation of the data, 32,041 unigenes with an average length of 1512 base pairs were identified. Compared to control group, Differential gene expression (DEG) analysis revealed 608 DEGs were obtained, of which 274 unigenes were upregulated and 334 were downregulated in the A. hydrophila group. Furthermore, the expression levels of eight selected immune-related DEGs were validated by qRT-PCR, substantiating the reliability of RNA-seq results. This study not only provides effective data support for immune defense strategies of P. clarkii in response to bacterial infections, but also provides new information about the P. clarkii immune system and defense mechanisms, and a valuable basis for further studies to elucidate the molecular immune mechanisms of this species.

Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila; Immune response; Procambarus clarkii; Transcriptome.