Combination of a 15-SNP Polygenic Risk Score and Classical Risk Factors for the Prediction of Breast Cancer Risk in Cypriot Women

Cancers (Basel). 2021 Sep 11;13(18):4568. doi: 10.3390/cancers13184568.


The PRS combines multiplicatively the effects of common low-risk single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and has the potential to be used for the estimation of an individual's risk for a trait or disease. PRS has been successfully implemented for the prediction of breast cancer risk. The combination of PRS with classical breast cancer risk factors provides a more comprehensive risk estimation and could, thus, improve risk stratification and personalized preventative strategies. In this study, we assessed the predictive performance of the combined effect of PRS15 with classical breast-cancer risk factors in Cypriot women using 1109 cases and 1177 controls from the MASTOS study. The PRS15 was significantly associated with an increased breast cancer risk in Cypriot women OR (95% CI) 1.66 (1.25-2.19). The integrated risk model obtained an AUC (95% CI) 0.70 (0.67-0.72) and had the ability to stratify women according to their disease status at the extreme deciles. These results provide evidence that the combination of PRS with classical risk factors may be used in the future for the stratification of Cypriot women based on their disease risk, and support its potential clinical utility for targeted preventative actions and population screening.

Keywords: Cypriot women; breast cancer; classical risk factors; polygenic risk score; risk prediction.