Over the past years, promising results from studies have shown that herring milt hydrolysates (HMH) can counter immune-metabolic disorders associated with obesity. However, more studies must corroborate these results. Thus, three commercial hydrolysates (HMH1, HMH2, and HMH3) as well as the fractions of two of them (HMH4 and HMH5) obtained by electrodialysis with ultrafiltration membranes (EDUF) were evaluated in vivo at higher doses compared to a previous study. To achieve this, seven groups of mice were fed for 8 weeks with either a control Chow diet or an obesogenic diet rich in fat and sucrose (HFHS) and supplemented by daily gavage with water or 312.5 mg/kg of one of the five HMH products. In summary, HMH supplements had no impact on weight gain. In the insulin tolerance test (ITT), HMH2 and its HMH5 fraction significantly reduced the blood sugar variation (p < 0.05). However, during the glucose tolerance (OGTT), HMH2 supplement increased the hyperinsulinemia variation (p < 0.05) induced by the HFHS diet. HMH1, HMH2, and HMH5 supplements generated potentially beneficial changes for health in the gut microbiota. These results reveal that HMH do not counteract obesity effects but may decrease certain physiological effects induced by obesity.
Keywords: bioactive peptides; glucose tolerance; herring milt hydrolysate; microbiota; obesity.