Students' Wellbeing during Transition from Onsite to Online Education: Are There Risks Arising from Social Isolation?

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Sep 14;18(18):9665. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18189665.


The COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruption to activities in many fields, including education and lifestyle. Major changes have taken place in the education system, where specific activities migrated suddenly from onsite to online. As a result, this period has witnessed an increased interest in impact studies that analyse the perceptions of the actors involved in the educational process. Based on the survey data (N = 665), the perceptions of the students in Romanian universities with regard to the effects of online education during the pandemic on their wellbeing were analysed. The empirical apparatus-SEM analysis-reached the following conclusions: the students' wellbeing was increased under the traditional education system; the economic crisis has caused concern, and a decrease in their wellbeing; their contamination fear is moderate to low, and does not influence their wellbeing; they have been discouraged in terms of their personal development during the pandemic, and their wellbeing has suffered as a result; the role of institutions is extremely important, given that the students' ability to study online depends on the universities' efficiency in implementing the online system.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; online education; pandemic stress; satisfaction and wellbeing; social isolation.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19*
  • Education, Distance*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Social Isolation
  • Students