High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T in Patients with Severe Chronic Kidney Disease and Suspected Acute Coronary Syndrome

J Clin Med. 2021 Sep 17;10(18):4216. doi: 10.3390/jcm10184216.


(1) Background: Patients with severe chronic kidney disease (CKD G4-G5) often have chronically elevated high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) values above the 99th percentile of the upper reference limit. In these patients, optimal cutoff levels for diagnosing non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) requiring revascularization remain undefined. (2) Methods: Of 11,912 patients undergoing coronary angiography from 2012 to 2017 for suspected NSTE-ACS, 325 (3%) had severe CKD. Of these, 290 with available serial hs-cTnT measurements were included, and 300 matched patients with normal renal function were selected as a control cohort. (3) Results: In the CKD cohort, 222 patients (76%) had NSTE-ACS with indication for coronary revascularization. Diagnostic performance was high at presentation and similar to that of the control population (AUC, 95% CI: 0.81, 0.75-0.87 versus 0.85, 0.80-0.89, p = 0.68), and the ROC-derived cutoff value was 4 times higher compared to the conventional 99th percentile. Combining the ROC-derived cutoff levels for hs-cTnT at presentation and absolute 3 h changes, sensitivity increased to 98%, and PPV and NPV improved up to 93% and 86%, respectively. (4) Conclusions: In patients with severe CKD and suspected ACS, the diagnostic accuracy of hs-cTnT for the diagnosis of NSTE-ACS requiring revascularization is improved by using higher assay-specific cutoff levels combined with early absolute changes.

Keywords: acute coronary syndrome; chronic kidney disease; high-sensitivity; myocardial infarction; renal insufficiency; troponin.