Use of the K-Nearest Neighbour Classifier in Wear Condition Classification of a Positive Displacement Pump

Sensors (Basel). 2021 Sep 17;21(18):6247. doi: 10.3390/s21186247.


This paper presents a learning system with a K-nearest neighbour classifier to classify the wear condition of a multi-piston positive displacement pump. The first part reviews current built diagnostic methods and describes typical failures of multi-piston positive displacement pumps and their causes. Next is a description of a diagnostic experiment conducted to acquire a matrix of vibration signals from selected locations in the pump body. The measured signals were subjected to time-frequency analysis. The signal features calculated in the time and frequency domain were grouped in a table according to the wear condition of the pump. The next step was to create classification models of a pump wear condition and assess their accuracy. The selected model, which best met the set criteria for accuracy assessment, was verified with new measurement data. The article ends with a summary.

Keywords: K-nearest neighbours; classifier; diagnostics; learning system; multi-piston pump; signal analysis; vibrations.