Association between physical and mental health variables among software professionals working at home: a secondary analysis

Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2022 Dec;28(4):2269-2277. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2021.1986307. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

Abstract

The association of physical activity (PA) or sedentary behaviour (SB) with mental health in remotely working software professionals remains unclear. We administered a secondary analysis of physical health variables (PA and SB time during work and non-work days) and mental health variables (stress, anxiety, depression) from a primary study. Ninety-five per cent of the participants (n = 76) did not meet the global PA recommendations. Our study found daily PA time to be negatively associated with stress (β = -1.57; p = 0.02), anxiety (β = -1.01; p = 0.04) and depression (β = -0.68; p = 0.47). Furthermore, the average daily sitting time during the work day was found to be positively associated with stress (β = 0.28; p = 0.00), anxiety (β = 0.01; p = 0.04) and depression (β = -0.68; p = 0.03). Organizational policies should advocate the implementation of PA or SB strategies for improving mental health in remote workers.Trial registrationClinical Trials Registry India identifier CTRI/2021/03/032146.

Keywords: COVID-19; Facebook; mental health; physical activity; physical health; sedentary work; sitting time; work from home.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • Mental Health*
  • Sedentary Behavior*
  • Sitting Position
  • Software