Epicardial fat thickness is associated with retinopathy in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension

North Clin Istanb. 2021 Aug 19;8(4):365-370. doi: 10.14744/nci.2020.23334. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Objective: Hypertensive retinopathy develops based on endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. Epicardial fat secretes various cytokines associated with endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. We aimed to evaluate whether epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness is a marker for retinopathy in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients.

Methods: A total of 73 newly diagnosed hypertension (HT) patients were included in the study. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was used to measure EAT thickness. To evaluate the presence of retinopathy in HT patients, hypertensive retinopathy staging was performed by ophthalmologists, according to Scheie classification.

Results: Retinopathy was detected in 27 (37.0%) of 73 patients. EAT thickness in HT patients with retinopathy was higher than the group without retinopathy (5.07±1.45 mm vs. 4.19±1.20 mm, p=0.007). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in HT patients with retinopathy were higher than the group without retinopathy (162.4±41.2 mg/dl vs. 138.1±35.6 mg/dl, p=0.010). As a result of the regression analysis, LDL-C (OR=1.016, 95% CI 1.001-1.031, p=0.043) and EAT thickness (OR=1.674, 95% CI 1.069-2.626, p=0.043) were the independent predictors of retinopathy.

Conclusion: Increased EAT thickness is associated with the presence of retinopathy in hypertensive patients.

Keywords: Epicardial adipose tissue thickness; hypertension; retinopathy.