Low-cost brain computer interface for everyday use

Exp Brain Res. 2021 Dec;239(12):3573-3583. doi: 10.1007/s00221-021-06231-4. Epub 2021 Sep 29.


With the growth in electroencephalography (EEG) based applications the demand for affordable consumer solutions is increasing. Here we describe a compact, low-cost EEG device suitable for daily use. The data are transferred from the device to a personal server using the TCP-IP protocol, allowing for wireless operation and a decent range of motion for the user. The device is compact, having a circular shape with a radius of only 25 mm, which would allow for comfortable daily use during both daytime and nighttime. Our solution is also very cost effective, approximately $350 for 24 electrodes. The built-in noise suppression capability improves the accuracy of recordings with a peak input noise below 0.35 μV. Here, we provide the results of the tests for the developed device. On our GitHub page, we provide detailed specification of the steps involved in building this EEG device which should be helpful to readers designing similar devices for their needs https://github.com/Ildaron/ironbci .

Keywords: Brain computer interface (BCI); EEG; Low-cost BCI; Low-cost EEG; Signal processing; ironbci.

MeSH terms

  • Brain
  • Brain-Computer Interfaces*
  • Electrodes
  • Electroencephalography
  • Humans
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • User-Computer Interface