Restricting carbohydrates and calories in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review of the effectiveness of 'low-carbohydrate' interventions with differing energy levels

J Nutr Sci. 2021 Sep 14:10:e76. doi: 10.1017/jns.2021.67. eCollection 2021.


Keywords: Diabetes; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; LCD, low-carbohydrate diets; LED, low-energy diets; Low-carbohydrate diet; Low-energy diet; Obesity; T2D, type 2 diabetes; TDR, total diet replacement.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Caloric Restriction*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / diet therapy
  • Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted*
  • Energy Intake
  • Humans