Late Pre-term Infants with Severe Bronchiolitis and Risk of Asthma by Age 5 Years

J Pediatr. 2022 Feb;241:247-250.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.037. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Abstract

In a prospective, multicenter cohort of infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis, we found infants born late pre-term (ie, gestational age of 34-36.9 weeks) had 35% higher odds of having asthma by age 5 years compared with infants born at full-term.

Keywords: hospitalization; intensive care; pulmonary function; wheezing.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / etiology*
  • Bronchiolitis / physiopathology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / etiology
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Patient Acuity
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors