Ten-Year Results of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Retrospective Matched Comparison with Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding-Is There a Significant Difference in Long Term?

Obes Surg. 2021 Dec;31(12):5267-5274. doi: 10.1007/s11695-021-05735-w. Epub 2021 Oct 3.


Background: The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most common bariatric procedure performed worldwide while the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been almost abandoned. Aim of this study was to retrospectively assess 10-year outcomes of LSG through a matched comparison with LAGB.

Materials and methods: Retrospective search of prospectively maintained database of our university was carried out to find all patients that underwent LSG before December 2010. Each subject with LSG was matched one-to-one with a patient that had undergone LAGB in the same period with correspondent preoperative age, BMI, and sex.

Results: A total of 76 patients underwent LSG before 2010 and were all included in this study; a matched group of 76 out of 178 LAGB patients with 10-year follow-up was retrieved from our database. Comparison between the two groups showed better outcomes after LSG at 1 and 5 years but weight loss was comparable with the LAGB group at 10 years (%TWL 22.2 ± 13 vs 21.2 ± 16.1; p = 0.89). No significant difference was found in conversion/removal rate (15.8% vs 18.4%; p = 0.67).

Conclusion: LSG is an effective stand-alone bariatric procedure with better outcomes than LAGB in medium term, but results are comparable at 10 years. Subjects undergoing LSG should be informed that conversion to RYGB or OAGB may be necessary to achieve further weight loss or to treat reflux.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding; Long-term results; Sleeve gastrectomy.

MeSH terms

  • Gastrectomy / methods
  • Gastric Bypass* / methods
  • Gastroplasty* / methods
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Obesity, Morbid* / surgery
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome