The aroma profile and aroma-active compounds of Brassica oleracea (kale) tea

Food Sci Biotechnol. 2021 Aug 10;30(9):1205-1211. doi: 10.1007/s10068-021-00962-4. eCollection 2021 Sep.


This study was to understand characteristic aroma properties of kale tea made by roasting kale leaves by profiling its aroma composition and screening its aroma-active compounds. Secondary metabolites of glucosinolates such as ally isothiocyanate, 3-butenyl isothiocyanate, 3-methylthiopropyl isothiocyanate, and 5-methylthiazole were the primary aroma compounds of raw kale but were less abundant in kale tea. Dimethyl trisulfide, cyclohex-2-en-1-ol, benzeneacetaldehyde, and 4-vinylguaiacol were quantitatively major aroma compounds in kale tea. Pyrazines, aldehydes, sulfides, and 4-vinylguaiacol were newly produced only in kale tea. In particular, 2-ethyl-6-methylpyrazine exhibiting the highest flavor dilution factor was the most potent aroma-active compound of kale tea, followed by methional, 2-ethyl-5-methylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2,6-dimethylpyrazine, two unknown compounds, dimethyl disulfide, furfural, benzaldehyde, and dimethyl trisulfide. These compounds contributed to roasted, sulfur-like/pungent, and sweet aroma characteristics, which were main aroma properties of kale tea. In addition, (E)-hex-2-enal and (Z)-hex-3-en-1-ol contributed to the green and grassy aromas of kale tea.

Keywords: Aroma characteristics; Aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA); Aroma profile; Aroma-active compound; Kale tea.