Zoliflodacin is a novel spiropyrimidinetrione antibiotic being developed as single oral dose treatment to address the growing global threat of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. To evaluate the cardiac safety of zoliflodacin, a thorough QT/QTc (TQT) study was performed in healthy subjects. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-period crossover study, 72 subjects in a fasted state received a single dose of zoliflodacin at 2 g (therapeutic), zoliflodacin at 4 g (supratherapeutic), placebo, and moxifloxacin at 400 mg as a positive comparator. Cardiac repolarization was measured by duration of the corrected QT interval by Fridericia's formula (QTcF). At each time point up to 24 h after zoliflodacin administration, the upper limit of the one-sided 95% confidence interval (CI) for the placebo-corrected change from the predose baseline in QTcF (ΔΔQTcF) was less than 10 ms, indicating an absence of a clinically meaningful increase in QT prolongation. The lower limit of the one-sided multiplicity-adjusted 95% CI of ΔΔQTcF for moxifloxacin was longer than 5 ms at four time points from 1 to 4 h after dosing, demonstrating adequate sensitivity of the QTc measurement. There were no clinically significant effects on heart rate, PR and QRS intervals, electrocardiogram (ECG) morphology, or laboratory values. Treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) were mild or moderate in severity and transient. This was a negative TQT study according to regulatory guidelines (E14) and confirms that a single oral dose of zoliflodacin is safe and well tolerated. These findings suggest that zoliflodacin is not proarrhythmic and contribute to the favorable assessment of cardiac safety for a single oral dose of zoliflodacin. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration no. NCT03613649.).
Keywords: Neisseria gonorrhoeae; cardiac safety; gonorrhea; thorough QT study; zoliflodacin.