Effect of inulin/kefiran mixture on the rheological and structural properties of mozzarella cheese

Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Nov 30:191:1079-1086. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.09.154. Epub 2021 Oct 1.


The relationships between chemical, textural, rheological and microstructural properties of low fat mozzarella cheese incorporated with different ratios of inulin/kefiran mixture were studied. By increasing inulin content, the protein and moisture content was increased and as a result, the meltability was reduced. Although, textural properties of low-fat mozzarella was completely influenced by inulin incorporation and hardness was increased, but the lower springiness and higher cohesiveness of cheese was achieved at high level of inulin which may be related to the increase in moisture and protein. Rheological properties of low-fat mozzarella cheese confirmed its shear-thinning behavior in which the G' value was more than G″. Mechanical properties of cheese showed that inulin incorporation into cheese did not significantly change the rheological properties of the cheese matrix. Consequently, the formation of a more rigid and cross-linked protein structure which is less plasticized achieved at high inulin incorporation through keeping more water and protein and less fat content. SEM results indicated the sponge honeycomb structure of mozzarella cheese which clearly confirmed the textural and rheological properties and there was an interrelationship among chemical, textural, rheological and microstructural properties of low-fat mozzarella cheese incorporated at different ratios of inulin.

Keywords: Inulin; Microstructure; Mozzarella cheese; Rheology; Texture.

MeSH terms

  • Caseins / chemistry
  • Cheese / analysis*
  • Food Handling / methods
  • Hardness
  • Inulin / chemistry*
  • Milk Proteins / chemistry
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Rheology*


  • Caseins
  • Milk Proteins
  • Polysaccharides
  • kefir grain polysaccharide
  • Inulin