Aims: To compare endoscopy gastric cancer images diagnosis rate between artificial intelligence (AI) and expert endoscopists.
Patients and methods: We used the retrospective data of 500 patients, including 100 with gastric cancer, matched 1:1 to diagnosis by AI or expert endoscopists. We retrospectively evaluated the noninferiority (prespecified margin 5 %) of the per-patient rate of gastric cancer diagnosis by AI and compared the per-image rate of gastric cancer diagnosis.
Results: Gastric cancer was diagnosed in 49 of 49 patients (100 %) in the AI group and 48 of 51 patients (94.12 %) in the expert endoscopist group (difference 5.88, 95 % confidence interval: -0.58 to 12.3). The per-image rate of gastric cancer diagnosis was higher in the AI group (99.87 %, 747 /748 images) than in the expert endoscopist group (88.17 %, 693 /786 images) (difference 11.7 %).
Conclusions: Noninferiority of the rate of gastric cancer diagnosis by AI was demonstrated but superiority was not demonstrated.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04040374.
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