Fertility evaluation of infertile women: a committee opinion

Fertil Steril. 2021 Nov;116(5):1255-1265. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2021.08.038. Epub 2021 Oct 2.


Diagnostic evaluation for infertility in women should be conducted in a systematic, expeditious, and cost-effective manner to identify all the relevant factors with an initial emphasis on the least invasive methods for detecting the most common causes of infertility. The purpose of this committee opinion is to provide a critical review of the current methods and procedures for the evaluation of in fertile women, and it replaces the document of the same name, last published in 2015 (Fertil Steril 2015;103:e44-50). This guidance is intended for any provider evaluating women for infertility.

Keywords: Infertility; evaluation; ovarian reserve; ovulation; pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cervix Uteri / abnormalities
  • Cervix Uteri / physiopathology
  • Fallopian Tubes / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Fertility*
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / diagnosis*
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Infertility, Female / physiopathology
  • Infertility, Female / therapy
  • Ovarian Reserve
  • Ovary / physiopathology*
  • Ovulation
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome