Patient Self-Management of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Instructional Video Development and Preliminary Evaluation of Behavioral Outcomes

Otol Neurotol. 2022 Jan 1;43(1):e105-e115. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000003360.


Importance: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior canal (PC-BPPV) is a common disorder that is diagnosed using the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT) and treated with the canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM). Patients often seek out information about BPPV self-management, but studies to develop and evaluate patient-centered instructional resources are limited.

Objective: To develop and preliminarily evaluate a patient-oriented PC-BPPV self-management instructional video.

Methods: We assembled a multidisciplinary team and used an iterative process to develop a theory-based instructional video for self-performing the DHT and CRM. We recruited individuals searching online for information about dizziness to complete a survey and review the video. Patients rated the video by scoring seven questions that measure behavioral intent to perform the DHT or CRM (attitudes/acceptability, perceived self-efficacy, and social norms) using a 10-point scale (higher scores = more favorable ratings). A multilevel linear regression model was used to determine the association of age, sex, race, and education with video ratings.

Results: Of the 771 participants who completed the survey, 124 (16%) also reviewed and evaluated the PC-BPPV instructional video. The video review participants were typically more than or equal to 55 years old (70%; 93/124), women (70%; 87/124), and White (70%; 88/124). These participants also generally reported acute-subacute and moderate-to-severe dizziness, and 60% (75/124) reported typical BPPV triggers. The median scores for the seven questions about attitudes/acceptability, self-efficacy, and social norms on the PC-BPPV instructional video were all more than or equal to 9 out of 10 with interquartile ratios that ranged from 7 to 9 at the 25th percentile to 10 at the 75th percentile. Female sex was the only demographic variable associated with higher video ratings (coefficient, 1.21, 95% CI 0.60-1.83).

Conclusion: This study found that participants rated the PC-BPPV self-management video favorably on measures that contribute to behavioral intent to perform the DHT or CRM. The findings provide support that the video is appropriate to use in future studies that evaluate patient self-performance accuracy and outcomes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo* / diagnosis
  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo* / therapy
  • Dizziness / diagnosis
  • Dizziness / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Patient Positioning
  • Self-Management*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires