Paradoxical reactions in central nervous system tuberculosis (CNS-TB) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We describe 4 HIV-uninfected children treated for CNS-TB with severe paradoxical reactions unresponsive to corticosteroids. All made recovery after treatment with infliximab, highlighting the safety and effectiveness of infliximab for this complication, and need for prospective trials.
Keywords: central nervous system tuberculosis; infliximab; paradoxical reaction; tuberculous meningitis.
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