A subcutaneous fungus infection that occurred in a patient with an acute myeloblastic leukemia was found to be caused by Ochroconis gallopavum (Dactylaria gallopava). In histological sections dematiaceous, septate hyphae were present. A darkly pigmented fungus was isolated on Sabouraud glucose medium. The mycological features of the causative agent were typical of O. gallopavum. The patient died after 6 months of treatment with antileukemic drugs and 5-fluorocytosine. At autopsy, tissue sections revealed leukemic infiltrates in most of the internal organs but fungal invasion was not detected.