Cytarabine-Induced Encephalitis

J Belg Soc Radiol. 2021 Sep 16;105(1):46. doi: 10.5334/jbsr.2492. eCollection 2021.


Teaching Point: Central nervous system adverse effects of cytarabine treatment include aseptic meningitis, myelopathy, and more rarely, encephalopathy, seizures, and cerebellar dysfunction. This case illustrates a cytarabine-induced encephalitis with predominant cerebellar involvement.

Keywords: cerebellar encephalitis; cerebellar toxicity; cytarabine; cytosar; neurotoxicity.

Publication types

  • Case Reports