Subunit cooperation in the Get1/2 receptor promotes tail-anchored membrane protein insertion

J Cell Biol. 2021 Nov 1;220(11):e202103079. doi: 10.1083/jcb.202103079. Epub 2021 Oct 6.


The guided entry of tail-anchored protein (GET) pathway, in which the Get3 ATPase delivers an essential class of tail-anchored membrane proteins (TAs) to the Get1/2 receptor at the endoplasmic reticulum, provides a conserved mechanism for TA biogenesis in eukaryotic cells. The membrane-associated events of this pathway remain poorly understood. Here we show that complex assembly between the cytosolic domains (CDs) of Get1 and Get2 strongly enhances the affinity of the individual subunits for Get3•TA, thus enabling efficient capture of the targeting complex. In addition to the known role of Get1CD in remodeling Get3 conformation, two molecular recognition features (MoRFs) in Get2CD induce Get3 opening, and both subunits are required for optimal TA release from Get3. Mutation of the MoRFs attenuates TA insertion into the ER in vivo. Our results demonstrate extensive cooperation between the Get1/2 receptor subunits in the capture and remodeling of the targeting complex, and emphasize the role of MoRFs in receptor function during membrane protein biogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport / genetics*
  • Cytosol / metabolism
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Protein Biosynthesis / genetics
  • Protein Transport / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics*


  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • GET1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Get2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins