The European Atherosclerosis Society and American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines have introduced several new recommendations, according to which vegetarian diets are concerned as beneficial for the cardiovascular system. This study was aimed to investigate the lipid profile in 56 healthy Polish young women - 13 vegans, 18 lacto-ovo-vegetarians and 25 omnivores. HDL cholesterol concentrations were higher in the vegans and vegetarians than in the omnivores. LDL cholesterol levels were lower in the vegans than in both other diet groups. The use of a vegetarian - especially vegan - diet in Polish conditions is associated with a favorable lipid profile and may have cardioprotective effects.