Carotid body paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors that develop within the adventitia of the medial aspect of the carotid bifurcation. Carotid body PGLs comprise about 65% of head and neck paragangliomas, however, their genetic background remains elusive. In the present study, we report one case of carotid body PGL with a somatic mutation in the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2). The missense mutation in IDH2 resulted in R172G amino acid substitution, which exhibits neomorphic activity and production of D-2-hydroxyglutarate.
Keywords: D-2-hydroxyglutarate; IDH2; PET/CT; carotid body tumor; isocitrate dehydrogenase 2; paraganglioma.
Copyright © 2021 Lang, Jha, Meuter, Pacak and Yang.