Periods of sensitivity to thyroid hormone during the development of the organ of Corti

Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 1986;429:23-7. doi: 10.3109/00016488609122726.


Cochlear structures are sensitive to the morphogenetic effect of thyroid hormone during the whole duration of maturation. For each structure, there exists a period of maximal sensitivity to thyroid hormone which corresponds to the period of development during which the structure of interest undergoes its main morphological changes (6 to 13 days for the inner sulcus epithelium, 6 to 10 days for the pillars, the 2nd and a part of the 3rd postnatal week for OHCs and their efferent innervation in rats). These periods of sensitivity can be considered as critical periods because cochlear structures are maximally vulnerable to thyroid deficiency during these periods.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cochlea / drug effects*
  • Critical Period, Psychological*
  • Epithelium / drug effects
  • Hair Cells, Auditory / drug effects
  • Organ of Corti / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Tectorial Membrane / drug effects
  • Thyroxine / administration & dosage
  • Thyroxine / pharmacology*


  • Thyroxine