Offspring production from cryopreserved primordial germ cells in Drosophila

Commun Biol. 2021 Oct 7;4(1):1159. doi: 10.1038/s42003-021-02692-z.


There is an urgent need to cryopreserve Drosophila stocks that have been maintained as living cultures for a long time. Long-term culture increases the risk of accidental loss and of unwanted genetic alteration. Here, we report that cryopreserved primordial germ cells (PGCs) can produce F1 progeny when transplanted into hosts. The cryopreserved donor PGCs could form germline stem cells in host gonads and contributed to continuous offspring production. Furthermore, the ability to produce offspring did not appear to vary with either differences between donor strains or cryopreservation duration. Therefore, we propose that our cryopreservation method is feasible for long-term storage of various Drosophila strains. These results underscore the potential usefulness of our cryopreservation method for backing up living stocks to avoid either accidental loss or genetic alteration.