Tirabrutinib is an irreversible, small-molecule Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, which was approved in Japan (VELEXBRU) to treat B-cell malignancies and is in clinical development for inflammatory diseases. As an application of model-informed drug development, a semimechanistic pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model for irreversible BTK inhibition of tirabrutinib was developed to support dose selection in clinical development, based on clinical PK and BTK occupancy data from two phase I studies with a wide range of PK exposures in healthy volunteers and in subjects with rheumatoid arthritis. The developed model adequately described and predicted the PK and PD data. Overall, the model-based simulation supported a total daily dose of at least 40 mg, either q.d. or b.i.d., with adequate BTK occupancy (> 90%) for further development in inflammatory diseases. Following the PK/PD modeling and simulation, the relationship between model-predicted BTK occupancy and preliminary clinical efficacy data was also explored and a positive trend was identified between the increasing time above adequate BTK occupancy and better efficacy in treatment for RA by linear regression.
© 2021 Gilead Sciences Inc. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.