Identification of community structure-based brain states and transitions using functional MRI

Neuroimage. 2021 Dec 1;244:118635. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118635. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Abstract

Brain function relies on a precisely coordinated and dynamic balance between the functional integration and segregation of distinct networks. Characterizing the way in which brain regions reconfigure their interactions to give rise to distinct but hidden brain states remains an open challenge. In this paper, we propose a Bayesian method for characterizing community structure-based latent brain states and showcase a novel strategy based on posterior predictive discrepancy using the latent block model to detect transitions between community structures in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) time series. The set of estimated parameters in the model includes a latent label vector that assigns network nodes to communities, and also block model parameters that reflect the weighted connectivity within and between communities. Besides extensive in-silico model evaluation, we also provide empirical validation (and replication) using the Human Connectome Project (HCP) dataset of 100 healthy adults. Our results obtained through an analysis of task-fMRI data during working memory performance show appropriate lags between external task demands and change-points between brain states, with distinctive community patterns distinguishing fixation, low-demand and high-demand task conditions.

Keywords: Bayesian inference; Change-point detection; Dynamic functional connectivity; Latent block model; Markov chain Monte Carlo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bayes Theorem
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cognition
  • Computer Simulation
  • Connectome
  • Histological Techniques
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Oxygen Saturation
  • Time Factors