Purpose: To analyse the posterior capsular opacification (PCO) development pattern in the long term in eyes implanted with a monofocal intraocular lens (IOL) with a square edge all around the optic.
Methods: Longitudinal retrospective study is data analyzed from a total of 7059 eyes from 4764 patients (mean age: 75.8 years) undergoing cataract surgery with implantation of an aspheric monofocal IOL (Bi-Flex HL 677AB/677P, Medicontur, Budapest, Hungary). These data were retrospectively collected using the electronic medical record of the hospitals involved. Nd : YAG capsulotomy rates were calculated per year during a follow-up of more than 10 years. The Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to establish the transparent capsule survival rate.
Results: The Nd : YAG capsulotomy rate increased from 1.1% at 1 year postoperatively to 17.2% at 5 years after surgery. No significant differences were found between eyes with and without capsulotomy in terms of age (p = 0.202), gender (p = 0.061), type of anaesthesia used (p = 0.128), and presence of conditions such as hard cataract (p = 0.111) or pseudoexfoliation (p = 0.137). IOL power was significantly lower in those eyes of patients requiring Nd : YAG capsulotomy during the follow-up (p < 0.001). Significantly more eyes implanted with the preloaded model of the IOL required capsulotomy (p < 0.001). Mean survival time and rate were 9.38 years and 85.9%, respectively.
Conclusions: Most eyes undergoing cataract with implantation of the Bi-Flex IOL do not develop a clinically significant PCO requiring Nd : YAG capsulotomy in the long term. IOL material and design may be the main factors accounting for this finding.
Copyright © 2021 Javier Placeres Dabán et al.