Familism and psychological wellbeing among Latinx youth: The role of parental alcohol use

J Fam Psychol. 2022 Jun;36(4):565-573. doi: 10.1037/fam0000924. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Abstract

Familism is a central cultural value endorsed by Latinx youth that has been identified as a promotive factor for their psychological wellbeing (Stein et al., 2014). However, in the context of familial stress, familism values may instead serve to increase risk, but this research has not been extended to consider parental alcohol use as a risk context. Using a sample of 167 Latinx youth (Mage = 12.86, SD = 0.68, 52% female) from an immigrant community in the Southeast, we tested whether parental alcohol use moderated the association between familism values and youth depressive symptoms and self-esteem. Youth familism values were associated with greater self-esteem and fewer depressive symptoms. Parental alcohol use was not associated directly with either outcome, but, consistent with hypotheses, significantly interacted with familism values to predict self-esteem such that the promotive effect of familism on youth's self-esteem was not evident when parental alcohol use was high. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Child
  • Emigrants and Immigrants*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents*
  • Self Concept