Introduction: Pregnancy may be associated to unique retinal disorders and is associated to worsening of retinal disease that also occurs in non-pregnant females. We report a case of chorioretinopathy caused by pre-eclampsia associated to HELLP (Hemolysis-Elevated-Liver enzymes and Low Platelet count) syndrome.
Methods: Multimodal Imaging features of HELLP syndrome-related hypertensive chorioretinopathy including retinography, Spectral Domain-Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT), Fluorescein angiography (FA), Indocyanine-green angiography (ICG) along with OCT-angiography (OCTA) are presented and discussed.
Results: Multimodal imaging and OCTA show both retinal and choroidal involvement by HELLP syndrome, resolved after hypertension treatment.
Conclusions: Multimodal imaging is useful to study HELLP syndrome-related hypertensive chorioretinopathy. Moreover, OCTA is a new technology able to study and follow the circulatory status of the choriocapillaris during the disease.
Keywords: HELLP syndrome; OCTA; Optical coherence tomography angiography; hypertensive chorioretinopathy; multimodal imaging; pregnancy.