Complex Transposon Insertion as a Novel Cause of Pompe Disease

Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Oct 8;22(19):10887. doi: 10.3390/ijms221910887.


Pompe disease (OMIM#232300) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the GAA gene. According to public mutation databases, more than 679 pathogenic variants have been described in GAA, none of which are associated with mobile genetic elements. In this article, we report a novel molecular genetic cause of Pompe disease, which could be hardly detected using routine molecular genetic analysis. Whole genome sequencing followed by comprehensive functional analysis allowed us to discover and characterize a complex mobile genetic element insertion deep in the intron 15 of the GAA gene in a patient with infantile onset Pompe disease.

Keywords: L1; SVA; functional analysis; lysosomal storage disease; missplicing; retrotransposon; transcription termination; transposable elements; transposon insertion.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • DNA Transposable Elements / genetics*
  • Female
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type II / etiology
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type II / metabolism
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type II / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional*
  • Pedigree
  • Prognosis
  • alpha-Glucosidases / genetics*


  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • GAA protein, human
  • alpha-Glucosidases