Solvent Mixture Optimization in the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activities from Garlic ( Allium sativum L.)

Molecules. 2021 Oct 4;26(19):6026. doi: 10.3390/molecules26196026.

Abstract

Garlic is a health promoter that has important bioactive compounds. The bioactive extraction is an important step in the analysis of constituents present in plant preparations. The purpose of this study is to optimize the extraction with the best proportion of solvents to obtain total phenolic compounds (TPC) and thiosulfinates (TS) from dried garlic powder, and evaluate the antioxidant activities of the optimized extracts. A statistical mixture simplex axial design was used to evaluate the effect of solvents (water, ethanol, and acetone), as well as mixtures of these solvents, after two ultrasound extraction cycles of 15 min. Results showed that solvent mixtures with a high portion of water and pure water were efficient for TPC and TS recovery through this extraction procedure. According to the regression model computed, the most significant solvent mixtures to obtain high TPC and TS recovery from dried garlic powder are, respectively, the binary mixture with 75% water and 25% acetone and pure water. These optimized extracts presented oxygen radical absorbance capacity. Pure water was better for total antioxidant capacity, and the binary mixture of water-acetone (75:25) was better for DPPH scavenging activity. These optimized extracts can be used for industrial and research applications.

Keywords: antioxidants; extraction optimization; phenols; response surface methodology; solvent mixtures; thiosulfinates.

MeSH terms

  • Acetone / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / isolation & purification*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid*
  • Ethanol / chemistry
  • Garlic / chemistry*
  • Phytochemicals / isolation & purification
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Polyphenols / isolation & purification*
  • Polyphenols / pharmacology
  • Solvents / chemistry
  • Water / chemistry

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Phytochemicals
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polyphenols
  • Solvents
  • Water
  • Acetone
  • Ethanol