Effects of Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction-V Technology on the Image Quality and Radiation Dose of Unenhanced and Enhanced CT Scans of the Piglet Abdomen

Radiat Res. 2021 Oct 13. doi: 10.1667/RADE-20-00244.1. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

To investigate the optimal pre- and post-adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASiR-V) levels in pediatric abdominal computed tomography (CT) to minimize radiation exposure and maintain image quality using an animal model. A total of 10 standard piglets were selected and scanned to obtain unenhanced and enhanced images under different pre-ASiR-V conditions. The corresponding images were obtained using ASiR-V algorithm at different post-ASiR-V levels. CT value, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast noise ratio (CNR) of abdominal tissues, subjective image score, and radiation dose of unenhanced and enhanced scans were analyzed. With the increase of pre-ASiR-V level, the radiation dose in piglets gradually decreased (P < 0.05). Within the same group of pre-ASiR-V, the image noise was decreased (P < 0.05) by increasing post-ASiR-V level. There was no statistical difference between SNR and CNR values. In unenhanced CT, the subjective score of the images with the combination of 40% pre- and 60% post-ASiR-V levels had no statistical difference compared to the combination of 0% pre- and 60% post-ASiR-V levels, while the radiation dose decreased by 31.6%. In the enhanced CT, the subjective image score with the 60% pre- and 60% post-ASiR-V combination had no statistical difference compared to the 0% pre- and 60% post-ASiR-V combination, while the radiation dose was reduced by 48.9%. The combined use of pre- and post-ASiR-V maintains image quality at the reduced radiation dose. The optimal level for unenhanced CT is 40% pre-combined with 60% post-ASiR-V, while that for enhanced CT is 60% pre- combined with 60% post-ASiR-V in pediatric abdominal CT.