SOCS3 is Related to Cell Proliferation in Neuronal Tissue: An Integrated Analysis of Bioinformatics and Experiments

Front Genet. 2021 Sep 27;12:743786. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2021.743786. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Glioma is the most common primary malignant tumor that occurs in the central nervous system. Gliomas are subdivided according to a combination of microscopic morphological, molecular, and genetic factors. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive malignant tumor; however, efficient therapies or specific target molecules for GBM have not been developed. We accessed RNA-seq and clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas, and the GSE16011 dataset, and identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that were common to both GBM and lower-grade glioma (LGG) in three independent cohorts. The biological functions of common DEGs were examined using NetworkAnalyst. To evaluate the prognostic performance of common DEGs, we performed Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. We investigated the function of SOCS3 in the central nervous system using three GBM cell lines as well as zebrafish embryos. There were 168 upregulated genes and 50 downregulated genes that were commom to both GBM and LGG. Through survival analyses, we found that SOCS3 was the only prognostic gene in all cohorts. Inhibition of SOCS3 using siRNA decreased the proliferation of GBM cell lines. We also found that the zebrafish ortholog, socs3b, was associated with brain development through the regulation of cell proliferation in neuronal tissue. While additional mechanistic studies are necessary, our results suggest that SOCS3 is an important biomarker for glioma and that SOCS3 is related to the proliferation of neuronal tissue.

Keywords: GBM; SOCS3; development; proliferation; zebrafish.