Spectrophotometric Analysis of Coronal Discolouration Induced by ProRoot MTA, Biodentine and MTA Repair HP Used for Pulpotomy Procedures

Eur Endod J. 2021 Aug;6(2):189-196. doi: 10.14744/eej.2021.66375.

Abstract

Objective: To assess and quantify coronal tooth discolouration by ProRoot MTA, Biodentine and MTA repair HP as pulpotomy agents and to identify colour stability of these materials in presence of blood contamination.

Methods: 120 human premolar teeth were used in the study. The teeth were sectioned horizontally 1 mm apical to the cementoenamel junction. A retrograde cavity extending within 2 mm of the incisal edge was prepared. The specimens were randomly distributed as; Control: Group 1, ProRoot MTA: Group 2, Biodentine: Group 3 and MTA repair HP: Group 4. The groups werefurther subdivided on basis of exposure to saline (subgroup A) or blood (subgroup B). The access was sealed with light cured Glass ionomer cemet and the specimens were stored in artificial saliva at 37°C. The Colour change was evaluated with a spectrophotometer at: day 0 (T0), day 1 (T1), day 7 (T7), 1 month (T30), 2 months (T60), and 6 months (T180). The colour measurements were recorded using the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage L*a*b* value.

Results: For all groups, there was a sharp increase in L* parameter at T1. At 6 months, Group 1B (Control + blood) showed maximum decrease in luminosity followed by Group 2A (ProRoot + saline) > Group 4B (MTA repair HP + blood) > Group 2B (ProRoot + blood). Group 3A (Biodentine + saline) showed the least amount of decrease in luminosity followed by Group 4A (MTA repair HP + saline) and Group 3B (Biodentine + blood). No significant difference was found in ∆E change between any of the groups from baseline to 180 days (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Relative to L* parameter, it was possible to observe a statistically significant decrease in luminosity in the Group1B (Control + blood) followed by ProRoot MTA (Group 2A and 2B) and MTA repair HP (Group 4A and 4B). Biodentine (Group 3A and 3B) showed least tooth discolouration in terms of L* parameter.