Push Out Bond Strength of a Glass Fibre Post to Root Dentine Pretreated with Proanthocyanidin and Phytosphingosine - An In Vitro Study

Eur Endod J. 2021 Aug;6(2):230-234. doi: 10.14744/eej.2021.22931.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the push out bond strength of a glass fibre post to root dentine pretreated with 6.5% proanthocyanidin (PAC) and 0.02% phytosphingosine (PHS).

Methods: Thirty-three freshly extracted single rooted human teeth were decoronated to a length of 14 mm. Root canals were prepared using rotary NiTi files and obturated with gutta percha and resin sealer. Post space was prepared using peeso reamers, retaining 5 mm of apical gutta percha. Following smear layer removal and acid etching of the post space, samples were randomly assigned to 3 groups based on the dentine pretreatment, namely the control (no pretreatment) group, 6.5% PAC group, and 0.02% PHS group. A glass fibre post was luted using a dual cure adhesive and luting cement. 1 mm thick root slices were sectioned from coronal, middle and apical levels of the post and their push out bond strength was evaluated using a universal testing machine. Data was analysed with one-way ANOVA and Games-Howell post hoc test (P<0.05).

Results: At all levels, PHS showed higher push out bond strength than PAC and control groups, with a significant difference between the experimental groups at the middle and apical thirds (P<0.05). The push out bond strength of PAC group was significantly higher than the control group in the coronal and apical thirds (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Both PAC and PHS improved the push out bond strength of a glass fibre post to dentine.