Azacitidine can be effective in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) associated with inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. Vacuoles, E1 Enzyme, X-linked, Autoinflammatory, Somatic syndrome (VEXAS) is a new monogenic autoinflammatory syndrome caused by somatic ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1 (UBA1) mutation, often associated with MDS, whose treatment is difficult and not yet codified. Based on a French nationwide registry of 116 patients with VEXAS, we report the efficacy and safety of azacitidine treatment in 11 patients with VEXAS with MDS. Clinical response of VEXAS to azacitidine was achieved in five patients (46%), during 6, 8+, 12, 21, 27+ months respectively, suggesting that azacitidine can be effective in selected patients with VEXAS and associated MDS.
Keywords: VEXAS syndrome; azacitidine; myelodysplastic syndrome.
© 2021 British Society for Haematology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.