Dual-phase Au-Pt alloys free from magnetic susceptibility artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging

Magn Reson Imaging. 2022 Jan;85:19-27. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2021.10.002. Epub 2021 Oct 13.


Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) devices are frequently used in image-based diagnosis. In the case of large artifacts, which are generated in magnetic resonance (MR) images when magnetic materials, such as metals, are present in the body, these devices are less useful. This study aimed to develop a dual-phase Au-Pt alloy that does not generate artifacts in MR images and has high workability to prepare medical devices.

Materials and methods: A processing method to produce a dual-phase Au-Pt alloy was established, and the magnetic susceptibility and artifacts of different alloy compositions were determined using a SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) flux meter and a 1.5 T-MRI system. The crystallographic phases of the prepared alloy samples were identified using X-ray diffraction. Sample cross-sections were observed using a metallurgical microscope. Furthermore, a thinning test was conducted to examine alloy workability.

Results: Dual-phase Au-Pt alloys Au70Pt30 and Au67Pt33-the former heat-treated at 800 and 850 °C and the latter heat-treated at 900 °C-generated minimal artifacts when imaged in a 1.5 T-MRI system. Their volume magnetic susceptibility increased as the heat-treatment temperature decreased. The alloy surfaces were observed to be uniform. Moreover, the workability of the dual-phase alloy was considerably better than that of the single-phase alloy.

Conclusion: Volume magnetic susceptibility could be controlled by changing the composition and processing temperature of the Au-Pt alloys. Dual-phase Au-Pt alloys those do not generate magnetic susceptibility artifacts in MRI images and have good workability could be prepared. The alloys are expected to be used in the preparation of various implantable medical devices.

Keywords: Au-Pt dual-phase alloys; Magnetic resonance imaging; Magnetic susceptibility artifact.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alloys* / chemistry
  • Artifacts*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Magnetics
  • Metals


  • Alloys
  • Metals