Development and evaluation of a numerical simulation approach to predict metal artifacts from passive implants in MRI

MAGMA. 2022 Jun;35(3):485-497. doi: 10.1007/s10334-021-00966-5. Epub 2021 Oct 16.


Objective: This study presents the development and evaluation of a numerical approach to simulate artifacts of metallic implants in an MR environment that can be applied to improve the testing procedure for MR image artifacts in medical implants according to ASTM F2119.

Methods: The numerical approach is validated by comparing simulations and measurements of two metallic test objects made of titanium and stainless steel at three different field strengths (1.5T, 3T and 7T). The difference in artifact size and shape between the simulated and measured artifacts were evaluated. A trend analysis of the artifact sizes in relation to the field strength was performed.

Results: The numerical simulation approach shows high similarity (between 75% and 84%) of simulated and measured artifact sizes of metallic implants. Simulated and measured artifact sizes in relation to the field strength resulted in a calculation guideline to determine and predict the artifact size at one field strength (e.g., 3T or 7T) based on a measurement that was obtained at another field strength only (e.g. 1.5T).

Conclusion: This work presents a novel tool to improve the MR image artifact testing procedure of passive medical implants. With the help of this tool detailed artifact investigations can be performed, which would otherwise only be possible with substantial measurement effort on different MRI systems and field strengths.

Keywords: Artifacts; Magnetic field strength; Metallic implants; Numeric simulations.

MeSH terms

  • Artifacts*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Titanium


  • Titanium