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, 13 (9), 862-8

In Vivo Differentiation of Progenitor Cells of the Periodontal Ligament. An Experimental Study Using Physical Barriers

In Vivo Differentiation of Progenitor Cells of the Periodontal Ligament. An Experimental Study Using Physical Barriers

I Aukhil et al. J Clin Periodontol.

Abstract

The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that during regeneration of cementum, the progenitor cells from periodontal ligament must come in contact with root dentin in order to differentiate into cementoblasts. After reflecting mucoperiosteal flaps, fenestration wounds were made in the buccal cortical plates of mandibular canines in 6 beagle dogs. The exposed root surfaces were curretted to remove all cementum. The exposed root surface on one side was demineralized with citric acid while the contralateral wound had saline treatment. The exposed root surfaces were then dried and pieces of Nuclepore membrane (pore size 0.1 mu) were attached to part of the exposed root surface to prevent contact of progenitor cells with root dentin. The fenestration wounds were then covered with Millipore filter to facilitate the population of wounds by progenitor cells from the periodontal ligament. Histologic analysis was performed after 3 months of healing. In specimens where the Nuclepore membrane had remained attached to root dentin, no new cementum was seen over the membrane. At the borders of the wounds and in specimens where the Nuclepore membrane had detached from root dentin, new connective tissue attachment was consistently seen. Also, root resorption was very rarely observed in both the acid-treated and control specimens. The present findings suggest that contact with root dentin may be necessary for progenitor cell differentiation into formative cells like cementoblasts.

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