Perceptions of Positive Parenting Predict Increases in Resilience for Low Neurotic and High Agreeable Adolescents

Pers Individ Dif. 2022 Feb;185:111272. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2021.111272. Epub 2021 Sep 23.


This study examines whether adolescent personality moderates longitudinal associations between perceived parenting practices and changes in adolescent resilience. A community sample of 442 (224 boys, 218 girls) Lithuanian adolescents completed surveys twice, one year apart, beginning in Grade 11 (M=17.1 years old). Adolescent self-reports described resilience, personality (neuroticism and agreeableness), and perceptions of positive parenting (support and monitoring). Adolescent personality moderated associations between initial perceptions of parenting and changes in resilience. Monitoring and support anticipated greater resilience for adolescents low but not high on neuroticism. Monitoring also anticipated greater resilience for adolescents high but not low on agreeableness. Consistent with the vantage-resistance hypothesis, the results suggest that neuroticism and disagreeableness interfere with the child's ability to profit from positive environmental experiences.

Keywords: adolescence; agreeableness; neuroticism; parent monitoring; parent support; resilience.