Intraosseous Type 2 Median Nerve Entrapment After Posterior Elbow Dislocation Diagnosed on Ultrasound With MRI and Surgical Correlation

Cureus. 2021 Oct 8;13(10):e18606. doi: 10.7759/cureus.18606. eCollection 2021 Oct.


Median nerve entrapment is a rare complication of posterior elbow dislocation and medial epicondyle fracture. In the event of delayed diagnosis, this injury pattern may result in significant and sometimes irreversible nerve damage. As such, a high degree of clinical suspicion and early imaging is indicated in patients with persistent nerve deficits following reduction of elbow dislocation. Here, a case of intraosseous type 2 median nerve entrapment that was diagnosed on ultrasound in an eight-year-old patient following ulnohumeral dislocation is discussed. This article reviews the key imaging findings of median nerve entrapment and discusses the subsequent MRI and surgical findings of this rare condition.

Keywords: elbow; joint dislocations; magnetic resonance imaging; median neuropathy; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Case Reports