Prolonged prothrombin time and thrombocytopenia are common in patients with cirrhosis. These parameters do not reflect the overall hemostatic rebalance or bleeding risk in the periprocedural setting; however, attempts to correct these parameters remain frequent. We review the literature on periprocedural bleeding risk, bleeding risk factors, and the risk and benefits of hemostatic interventions in patients with cirrhosis. We provide guidance recommendations on evaluating bleeding risk in this patient group and management of hemostatic abnormalities in the periprocedural setting.
Keywords: cirrhosis; hemorrhage; hemostasis; liver diseases; thrombocytopenia.
© 2021 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.