Design of a "Two-in-One" Mutant-Selective Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor That Spans the Orthosteric and Allosteric Sites

J Med Chem. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c00848. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Inhibitors targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are an effective therapy for patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring drug-sensitive activating mutations in the EGFR kinase domain. Drug resistance due to treatment-acquired mutations has motivated the development of successive generations of inhibitors that bind in the ATP site. The third-generation agent osimertinib is now a first-line treatment for this disease. Recently, allosteric inhibitors have been developed to overcome drug-resistant mutations that confer a resistance to osimertinib. Here, we present the structure-guided design and synthesis of a mutant-selective lead compound, which consists of a pyridinyl imidazole-fused benzylisoindolinedione scaffold that simultaneously occupies the orthosteric and allosteric sites. The compound potently inhibits enzymatic activity in L858R/T790M/C797S mutant EGFR (4.9 nM), with a significantly lower activity for wild-type EGFR (47 nM). Additionally, this compound achieves modest cetuximab-independent and mutant-selective cellular efficacies on the L858R (1.2 μM) and L858R/T790M (4.4 μM) variants.