Exercise Snacks: A Novel Strategy to Improve Cardiometabolic Health

Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2022 Jan 1;50(1):31-37. doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000275.


We define exercise snacks as isolated ≤1-min bouts of vigorous exercise performed periodically throughout the day. We hypothesize that exercise snacks are a feasible, well-tolerated, and time-efficient approach to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and reduce the negative impact of sedentary behavior on cardiometabolic health. Efficacy has been demonstrated in small proof-of-concept studies. Additional research should investigate this novel physical activity strategy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiorespiratory Fitness*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases* / prevention & control
  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Snacks