Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Wild Red Foxes, the Netherlands, 2021

Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Nov;27(11):2960-2962. doi: 10.3201/eid2711.211281.


We detected infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus clade in 2 red fox (Vulpes vulpes) cubs found in the wild with neurologic signs in the Netherlands. The virus is related to avian influenza viruses found in wild birds in the same area.

Keywords: H5N1 subtype; Vulpes vulpes; amino acids; animals; disease outbreaks; foxes; influenza A virus; influenza in birds; respiratory infections; the Netherlands; viruses; wild; zoonoses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild
  • Foxes
  • Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype*
  • Influenza A virus*
  • Influenza in Birds* / epidemiology
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Phylogeny