Background: Despite therapeutic advances, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) relapses can occur. The development of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with α-emitters is an attractive alternative. In this study, we investigated the potential of α-RIT in conjunction with 212Pb-rituximab for the treatment of NHL.
Methods: EL4-hCD20-Luc cells (mouse lymphoma cell line) were used for in vitro and in vivo studies. Biodistribution and efficacy studies were performed on C57BL/6 mice injected intravenously with 25 × 103 cells.
Results: 212Pb-rituximab (0.925-7.4 kBq/mL) inhibit proliferation of EL4-hCD20-Luc cells in vitro. Biodistribution of 203/212Pb-rituximab in mice showed a significant tumour uptake and suggested that the liver, spleen, and kidneys were the organs at risk. For efficacy studies, mice were treated at either 11 days (early stage) or 20-30 days after injection of tumour cells (late stage). Treatment with 277.5 kBq 212Pb-rituximab significantly prolonged survival. Even at an advanced tumour stage, significant tumour regression occurred, with an increase in the median survival time to 28 days, compared with 9 days in the controls.
Conclusions: These results show the efficacy of 212Pb-rituximab in a murine syngeneic lymphoma model, in terms of significant tumour regression and increased survival, thereby highlighting the potency of α-RIT for the treatment of NHL.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.