Association Between Asthma and Meniere's Disease: A Nested Case-Control Study

Laryngoscope. 2022 Apr;132(4):864-872. doi: 10.1002/lary.29917. Epub 2021 Oct 21.


Objectives/hypothesis: This study aimed to investigate the association between Meniere's disease and prior history of asthma.

Study design: A nested case-control study.

Methods: Among the patients aged ≥40 years from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort 2002-2015, 7,734 diagnosed with Meniere's disease between 2004 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. From the 505,834 participants without a prior history of Meniere's disease, 30,936 control participants were selected based on age, sex, income, and region of residence. The presence of a prior history of asthma before the diagnosis of Meniere's disease was compared between the Meniere's disease group and control group using conditional logistic regression with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs).

Results: Prior history of asthma was associated with 1.30 (1.21-1.39) times higher odds of Meniere's disease (E-value = 1.92 [1.71]). Both allergic asthma and nonallergic asthma patients demonstrated higher odds of Meniere's disease than the control group (adjusted OR = 1.21 [1.08-1.36] and E-value = 1.72 [1.37] for allergic asthma; adjusted OR = 1.26 [1.17-1.36] and E-value = 1.83 [1.60] for nonallergic asthma).

Conclusions: This study is the first to demonstrate a positive relationship between Meniere's disease and prior asthma history in adults. The association between prior asthma history and Meniere's disease was noted in both allergic and nonallergic asthma cases. The potential development of Meniere's disease should be considered when managing the asthma patients with dizziness or vertigo.

Level of evidence: 3 Laryngoscope, 132:864-872, 2022.

Keywords: Asthma; Meniere's disease; case-control studies; cohort studies; risk factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asthma* / complications
  • Asthma* / epidemiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Meniere Disease* / complications
  • Meniere Disease* / epidemiology
  • Vertigo / complications