IPIP27A cooperates with OCRL to support endocytic traffic in the zebrafish pronephric tubule

Hum Mol Genet. 2022 Apr 22;31(8):1183-1196. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddab307.


Endocytosis is a fundamentally important process through which material is internalized into cells from the extracellular environment. In the renal proximal tubule, endocytosis of the abundant scavenger receptor megalin and its co-receptor cubilin play a vital role in retrieving low molecular weight proteins from the renal filtrate. Although we know much about megalin and its ligands, the machinery and mechanisms by which the receptor is trafficked through the endosomal system remain poorly defined. In this study, we show that inositol phosphatase interacting protein of 27 kDa (Ipip27A), an interacting partner of the Lowe syndrome protein oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL), is required for endocytic traffic of megalin within the proximal renal tubule of zebrafish larvae. Knockout of Ipip27A phenocopies the endocytic phenotype seen upon loss of OCRL, with a deficit in uptake of both fluid-phase and protein cargo, which is accompanied by a reduction in megalin abundance and altered endosome morphology. Rescue and co-depletion experiments indicate that Ipip27A functions together with OCRL to support proximal tubule endocytosis. The results therefore identify Ipip27A as a new player in endocytic traffic in the proximal tubule in vivo and support the view that defective endocytosis underlies the renal tubulopathy in Lowe syndrome and Dent-2 disease.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Endocytosis / genetics
  • Endosomes / genetics
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inositol Phosphates / metabolism
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / metabolism
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2 / genetics
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2 / metabolism
  • Male
  • Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome* / genetics
  • Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome* / metabolism
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / genetics
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Zebrafish / genetics
  • Zebrafish / metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins / metabolism*


  • Inositol Phosphates
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2
  • Proteins
  • Zebrafish Proteins
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • OCRL protein, human
  • ocrl protein, zebrafish